Author: Cindy Buckley Koren

Professor of Communications Design at Pratt Institute in Utica NY. After working on award winning projects with clients including: AT&T, Global Finance and Runner’s World Magazine, Cindy Buckley Koren could not resist the calling to return to Upstate NY in order to teach and raise her family. She established two successful B.O.C.E.S. vocational programs in Visual Communications and is currently professor of Communications Design at PrattMWP College of Art and Design. Her students’ work is routinely recognized in the U.S. and abroad. As a featured speaker at the inaugural TEDx Utica, she challenged today’s educational institutions to stop being “instistupid” and “do stuff that matters.”

Font Specimen Book Requirementsclassification list

The following pages are from Ellen Lupton’s new Book 

91igakegmflweb classificationsgeorgiahelveticaDIN


What are Web Safe Fonts?

Web safe fonts are fonts that are pre-installed by many operating systems. While not all systems have the same fonts installed, you can use a web safe font stack to choose several fonts that look similar, and are installed on the various systems that you want to support. If you want to use fonts other than ones pre-installed, as of CSS3, you can use Web Fonts.

web safe sans serifweb safe Serif

What are Web Fonts?

Unlike web safe fonts, web fonts are not pre-installed on the user’s system. The fonts are downloaded by the user’s browser while rendering the webpage, and then applied to your text. The main drawbacks of using web fonts is it will slow your site’s load time. There is also limited support for CSS3 in older browsers which is required to use web fonts. The later limitation can be remedied by using a font stack, similar to the web safe font stacks, but including a web font as the first font of the stack. If a browser is unable to use the web font it will fall back on the web safe fonts in the stack.

Free fonts are notorious for being of low quality. Just because it is available on Google Fonts or Adobe TypeKit does not automatically guarantee anything other than it can be utilized as a web font with out uploading to your site’s server with the @font face CSS code.



Settling the Widow and Orphan debate

There seem to be different opinions on what is called an orphan and a widow. The Chicago Manual of Style and Robert Bringhurst in the Elements of Typographic Style agree:

Widow: A paragraph-ending line that falls at the beginning of the following page or column, thus separated from the rest of the text. (They have a past but no future.)

Orphan: A paragraph-opening line that appears by itself at the bottom of a page or column, thus separated from the rest of the text. (They have no past but a future.)

Single word at the end of a paragraph sometimes referred to as a runt: also a problem for the reader and needs to be resolved.

You can call them whatever you want, maybe widphans or ordows? They are a problem and need to be fixed!